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CSA - How is it calculated?

May 21, 2016

Last week we discussed what CSA is  and the fact that there are seven Behavioral Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs) used in the development of CSA carrier scores. This week we’re discussing the point assignments involved in CSA score calculations. 

CSA Prt 2.jpgHow it works

CSA weights each of the BASICs safety violations for drivers and carriers based on severity. These severity weight "points" range from 1 to 10 with least serious violations rated a 1. Points get closer to 10 as they get more severe. Note that individual drivers do not receive any kind of "rating", but their points contribute to their carrier's CSA score. The same inspection and crash data that make up driver points on the carrier's rating also show up as part of drivers' PSP (Pre-Employment Screening Program) reports. Note, PSP is a voluntary program for drivers and may be a condition of employment by some carriers. This record can only be viewed by prospective employers, not by current employers.

The measurement for each BASIC depends on

Number. How many violations (or crashes) were there?

Severity. How bad were they?
Recency. How long ago did they happen? 

Measures are time weighted and assessed on the driver and the carrier. There are 3 timeframes during which points descend in value. For the driver the first 12 months carries a multiplier of 3, 12-24 months times 2 and 24 -36 months has no multiplier. For the same driver violation the carrier employing the driver will carry the points times 3 for the first 6 months, times 2 for the 6-12 months period and no multiplier for the 12-36 months following the violation.

So how do roadside inspections factor in?

What triggers roadside inspections? The majority of them result from speeding or other observable defects. So, by driving safely and attentively, drivers protect their driving record and can even avoid the effort and time lost by some roadside inspections. 

The benefits of clean roadside inspections (no points) are many:

  • Good inspections improve the record for both drivers and their employer.
  • They demonstrate a commitment to safety for both as well.
  • This commitment leads to a better safety reputation for carriers as well as employment opportunities for drivers.

Part 3 of this series will be posted on May 30th. We will discuss who is impacted, and in what way, by the CSA program.

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